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Serial Pinout Diagrams

 
RS232 Pinouts

RS232 - V.24/V.28 - IS2110 - X.20 bis (for Async) - X.21 bis (for Sync)

General

In this document the term RS232 will be used when refered to this serial interface. The description of RS232 is an EIA/TIA norm and is identical to CCITT V.24/V.28, X.20bis/X.21bis and ISO IS2110. The only difference is that CCITT has split the interface into its electrical description (V.28) and a mechanical part (V.24) or Asynchronous (X.20 bis) and Synchronous (X.21 bis) where the EIA/TIA describes everything under RS232.

As said before RS232 is a serial interface. It can be found in many different applications where the most common ones are modems and Personal Computers. All pinning specifications are writen for the DTE side.

All DTE-DCE cables are straight through meaning the pins are connected one on one. DTE-DTE and DCE-DCE cables are cross cables. To make a destiction between all different types of cables we have to use a naming convention.
DTE - DCE: Straight Cable
DTE - DTE: Null-Modem Cable
DCE - DCE: Tail Circuit Cable Interface Mechanical

RS232 can be found on different connectors. There are special specifications for this. The CCITT only defines a Sub-D 25 pins version where the EIA/TIA has two versions RS232C and RS232D which are resp. on a Sub-D25 and a RJ45. Next to this IBM has added a Sub-D 9 version which is found an almost all Personal Computers and is described in TIA 457.

Sub-D25M

Sub-D25F

Sub-D9M

Sub-D9F

RJ45M

RJ45F

Male

Female

Pinning

RS232-C

Description

Circuit
EIA

Circuit
CCITT

RJ45

TIA 457

1

Shield Ground

AA

 

 

 

7

Signal Ground

AB

102

4

5

2

Transmitted Data

BA

103

6

3

3

Received Data

BB

104

5

2

4

Request To Send

CA

105

8

7

5

Clear To Send

CB

106

7

8

6

DCE Ready

CC

107

1

6

20

DTE Ready

CD

108.2

3

4

22

Ring Indicator

CE

125

1

9

8

Received Line Signal Detector

CF

109

2

1

23

Data Signal Rate Select
(DTE/DCE Source>

CH/CI

111/112

 

 

24

Transmit Signal Element Timing
(DTE Source)

DA

113

 

 

15

Transmitter Signal Element Timing
(DCE Source)

DB

114

 

 

17

Receiver Signal Element Timing
(DCE Source)

DD

115

 

 

18

Local Loopback / Quality Detector

LL

141

 

 

21

Remote Loopback

RL/CG

140/110

 

 

14

Secondary Transmitted Data

SBA

118

 

 

16

Secondary Received Data

SBB

119

 

 

19

Secondary Request To Send

SCA

120

 

 

13

Secondary Clear To Send

SCB

121

 

 

12

Secondary Received Line Signal Detector/
Data signal Rate Select (DCE Source)

SCF/CI

122/112

 

 

25

Test Mode

TM

142

 

 

9

Reserved for Testing

 

 

 

 

10

Reserved for Testing

 

 

 

 

11

Unassigned

 

 

 

 


Interface Electrical

All signals are measured in reference to a common ground, which is called the signal ground (AB). A positive voltage between 3 and 15 Vdc represents a logical 0 and a negative voltage between 3 and 15 Vdc represents a logical 1.
This switching between positive and negative is called bipolar. The zero state is not defined in RS232 and is considered a fault condition (this happens when a device is turned off).
According to the above a maximum distance of 50 ft or 15 m. can be reached at a maximum speed of 20k bps. This is according to the official specifications, the distance can be exceeded with the use of Line Drivers.Functional description

Description

Circuit

Function

Shield Ground

AA

Also known as protective ground. This is the chassis ground connection between DTE and DCE.

Signal Ground

AB

The reference ground between a DTE and a DCE. Has the value 0 Vdc.

Transmitted Data

BA

Data send by the DTE.

Received Data

BB

Data received by the DTE.

Request To Send

CA

Originated by the DTE to initiate transmission by the DCE.

Clear To Send

CB

Send by the DCE as a reply on the RTS after a delay in ms, which gives the DCEs enough time to energize their circuits and synchronize on basic modulation patterns.

DCE Ready

CC

Known as DSR. Originated by the DCE indicating that it is basically operating (power on, and in functional mode).

DTE Ready

CD

Known as DTR. Originated by the DTE to instruct the DCE to setup a connection. Actually it means that the DTE is up and running and ready to communicate.

Ring Indicator

CE

A signal from the DCE to the DTE that there is an incomming call (telephone is ringing). Only used on switched circuit connections.

Received Line Signal Detector

CF

Known as DCD. A signal send from DCE to its DTE to indicate that it has received a basic carrier signal from a (remote) DCE.

Data Signal Rate Select
(DTE/DCE Source>

CH/CI

A control signal that can be used to change the transmission speed.

Transmit Signal Element Timing
(DTE Source)

DA

Timing signals used by the DTE for transmission, where the clock is originated by the DTE and the DCE is the slave.

Transmitter Signal Element Timing
(DCE Source)

DB

Timing signals used by the DTE for transmission.

Receiver Signal Element Timing
(DCE Source)

DD

Timing signals used by the DTE when receiving data.

Local Loopback / Quality Detector

LL

 

Remote Loopback

RL/CG

Originated by the DCE that changes state when the analog signal received from the (remote) DCE becomes marginal.

Test Mode

TM

 

Reserved for Testing

 

 

 

The secondary signals are used on some DCE's. Those units have the possibility to transmit and/or receive on a secondary channel. Those secondary channels are mostly of a lower speed than the normal ones and are mainly used for administrative functions.

Cable pinnings
Here are some cable pinnings that might be useful. Not all applications are covered, it is just a help:

Straight DB25 Cable

DB25 Null- modem cable (Async)

DB25 Tail- circuit cable (Sync)

DB25 to DB9 DTE - DCE cable

DB25 to DB9 DTE - DTE cable

Pin

Pin

1

1

2

2

3

3

4

4

5

5

6

6

7

7

8

8

9

9

10

10

11

11

12

12

13

13

14

14

15

15

16

16

17

17

18

18

19

19

20

20

21

21

22

22

23

23

24

24

25

25

Pin

Pin

1

1

2

3

3

2

4

5

5

4

6, 8

20

7

7

20

6, 8

Pin

Pin

1

1

2

3

3

2

4

8

6

20

7

7

8

4

17

24

20

6

24

17

Pin

Pin

2

3

3

2

4

7

5

8

6

6

7

5

8

1

20

4

22

9

Pin

Pin

2

2

3

3

4

8

5

7

6

4

7

5

20

1, 6